Surveyor 1 was the first in a series of seven US missions to the
Moon that preceded Apollo; five of the seven missions were successful.
Surveyor 1 was launched on May 30, 1966, and landed on June 2, 1966.
The mission's objectives were to soft land on the Moon and to collect
information on the lunar regolith. This first Surveyor spacecraft
carried only a television camera system (later missions carried
additional instruments). The spacecraft landed on a releatively smooth
mare surface in Oceanus Procellarum. The landing site is in the
northeast corner of the Flamsteed Ring, a 100 km diameter impact crater
almost completely buried by mare lavassuch that all that remains exposed
is the upper part of the original crater rim.
Read Full Caption
[NASA/GSFC/Arizona State University]